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The basics of data centers

What is the data center?

A data center is a dedicated space inside a building, which is used to house IT, or telecommunication related devices like servers, storage, air-conditioning, and various security equipment.

Components of data center

Following are the main components of a data center:

  1. Servers and racks
  2. Power
  3. Network connectivity
  4. Security system
  5. Monitoring system
  6. Cooling system
  7. Policies and procedures

1. Servers and racks

Servers are one of the critical components of a data center and the racks house those servers. The servers are used to serve clients and host websites.

2. Power

Power is needed to keep every equipment up and running in a data center, therefore, an interruptible power is ensured by using UPS and backup generators.

3. Network connectivity

Network connectivity ensures that all the equipment in a data center is connected with outside work like the Internet. Routers and switches serve this purpose.

4. Security system

Various security equipment is used to keep the data center safe from any intruders and from physical damage in case of earthquake and fire.

5. Monitoring system

It is important from the business point of view to keep equipment in the data center up and running 24*7. Various monitoring applications are installed to monitor the whole infrastructure. In case of any incident, those applications alert the concerned teams.

6. Cooling system

In order to suppress the heat generated by various equipment in a data center, a sophisticated air conditioning system is used.

7. Policies and procedures

Data centers are properly operated by a set of policies and procedures and everyone must adhere to those policies.

History of data center

The term data center was evolved in 1960 when mainframe computers were housed in a small room, which is now called “data center”.

Tier of data center

There are following four tiers and they are defined by uptime institute. Every tier of a data center has separate requirements and features.

  1. Tier 1
  2. Tier 2
  3. Tier 3
  4. Tier 4

1. Tier 1

Tier 1 data center are best suited for small organizations and they have the following features.

●     99.671% uptime

●     No redundancy

●     28.8 hours of downtime per year

2. Tier 2

Following are the features of Tier 2 data center.

●     99.749% uptime

●     22 hours of downtime per year

●     Some redundancy in power and cooling

3. Tier 3

Tier 3 data center is utilized by larger businesses and they have the following features.

●     99.982% uptime

●     Not more than 1.6 hours of downtime per year

4. Tier 4

Tier 4 data center serves enterprise corporations and they have the following feature.

●     99.995% uptime per year

●     96-hour power outage protection

●     26.3 minutes of annual downtime

StarWind proactive support

As we have discussed one of the components of a data center is monitoring the infrastructure of any possible outage. StarWind proactive support is a service, which monitors the IT infrastructure 24*7, and whenever any issue arises, their team resolves it without escalating to someone else. Therefore, the system administrators do not need to worry about their IT infrastructure.

Following are the benefits of StarWind proactive support:

●     Service availability- Since it monitors your whole infrastructure 24/7, hence the highest possible service availability is ensured.

●     Data security- It keeps the data residing in your environment secure from all kinds of external and internal threats.

●     Time-saving- It resolves all the issues before they can cause any potential harm to your environment; therefore it saves a lot of recovery time.

●     Peace of mind- Since it takeovers the system administrator’s responsibility of looking after the IT environment, hence it offers a great deal of ease and comfort.

Conclusion

In this article, we have discussed the basics of the data center and its components, history, and tiers or levels. We have concluded the article by mentioning that it is important to monitor the whole infrastructure and we have streamlined proactive support from StarWind for this purpose.

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